280 Whips

Angélica Dass, Brazil
About the project
José Medeiros
Angélica Dass, Brasil

Brazil was the last country in Latin America to abolish slavery, after having imported more African slaves than any other Latin American country from the sixteenth century on. It is also one of the countries that most flaunts its “racial mix and diversity.” For the centennial of the abolition of slavery in 1988, the Universidade de São Paulo carried out a survey in which 96% of those interviewed stated they were not racially prejudiced, while 99% said they knew someone who was: “Every Brazilian feels like an island of racial democracy surrounded by racists on all sides.”

The photographs from a family album of a girl of African descent invite us to participate in a game evoking an average person’s childhood and everyday life. A 280-character tweet is enough to strip bare the tableau of Brazilian wonders, transforming the spectator into a questioner facing brutal banalities and a fatal dehumanization of the other, very much in the present. Well into the twenty-first century, the internet reestablishes a daily reality that shows the incredible power contained in the “single history” and the legacy of its creators or disseminators, as it comes to form part of the collective imaginary, with its gradation of tones and self-definitions: ubiquitous, in spite of the symbolic gestures that lose their meaning and end up being mere excuses, justifications. The aberrant has become natural, licensed.

Angélica Dass

(b. 1979) Rio de Janeiro, Brazil / Madrid, Spain

Creator of the Humanae project —a chromatic taxonomy of portraits showing the different human skin tones—, Angélica Dass focuses in her work on the defense of human rights and on ethnic identities. The artist-activator has participated with this project in important international economic, cultural, and educational forums. Dass has illustrated the special edition of National Geographic devoted to the subject of race (2018), presented an installation at the World Economic Forum in Davos (2017), and been awarded the Premio Festival Off at PhotoEspaña 2013. Following the TEDGlobal talk she gave in 2016, her work has become a tool for social change, promoting dialogue and challenging entrenched cultural prejudices.

Chibatada (feminine noun) from Portuguese
Whipping with the "chibata".
Chibata (feminine noun).
A thin and flexible stick used to hit people or animals;

[By Extension] Thin strip of leather used to lash, to punish; whip.
[Figured] Body punishment applied with “chibata”.
[Figured] Circumstance of one who is oppressed, deprived of his freedom, especially in suffering or under punishment: he wanted to get out of that life of “chibata”.